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Home: News and Updates 90,000 Babies Die in Bihar in First Month of Birth

90,000 Babies Die in Bihar in First Month of Birth

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Times of India
06 December 2010
By Arun Kumar
Patna, India

About 90,000 children die every year in Bihar within the first month of their birth, according to state principal secretary, health, C K Mishra.

Inaugurating the first annual convention of National Neonatology Forum (NNF), Bihar chapter, on Sunday, Mishra said out of about 29 lakh children born every year in Bihar, 1.60 lakh die before completing one year of life. Of these, about twothirds or about 90,000 die within the first month of their life.

"Neonatal mortality rate in Bihar is about 31 per 1,000 births, contributing to about 50% of all childhood deaths," said Mishra, adding most of the causes of neonatal deaths can be prevented and managed by a set of interventions at household, community and health facility levels.

The state government has declared 2010 as the year of the newborn and to achieve this goal, all paediatricians working in the public as well as the private sector should join hands with the government, he said.

During the year, Special Care Newborn Units have been made operational in seven districts and there is a plan to expand these to 26 more districts by 2010–11, Mishra said. A state–ofthe–art Neonatal ICU has been set up in the department of paediatrics at the PMCH, he said.

Mishra said the Comprehensive Newborn Care Initiative developed by the Bihar government with technical support from the Unicef and NNF will be scaled up in all the 38 districts over the next three years.

Dr Sushma Nangia of Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, in her talk on ‘Managing Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Premature Babies’ said administration of two injections of betamethasone steroid to mothers at interval of 24 hours works wonders in improvement of malnutrition of lungs, brain and gastrointestinal tracts of the child.

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