Maternal and Child Health

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Over All MCH And Health Sector Situation

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With a population of over 1 billion people, India has one of the fastest–growing economies in the world. Annual economic growth has averaged about 8 percent to 9 percent in recent years; however, India is still very much a country in development transition, with over 700 million of its people living on less than $2 a day. Rooted in this poverty, India’s U5MR of 74/1,000 means that almost 2 million young Indian children still die each year – one–fourth of all the world’s infant and child deaths.

Approximately one–fourth of the world’s maternal deaths – almost 120,000 women a year – also occur in India. Increasing the survival and health of mothers and children is essential to improving the future of India’s people and to addressing the political challenge represented by this inequity. Beyond this, it will be impossible for the world to accomplish the MDGs without accelerated progress in India.

There has been progress. The 2005–06 National Family Health Survey, which was substantially supported by USAID, identified significant improvements in key health services. For example, use of antenatal care and trained health personnel at birth significantly improved during the 5 years since the preceding survey.

Working in some of the most difficult areas of the country, USAID’s programs supported improvements in these and other services that were generally above the national averages. Still, however, in 2005–06 more than half of Indian women delivered without skilled attendants, over half of Indian children were not fully immunized, and the high rates of child malnutrition remained unchanged. India also remains one of four countries worldwide where polio is still endemic. Fertility also remains high, with India’s population on a trajectory to double by 2050.

In recent years, the Government of India has made massive new commitments of its own resources to improving health, especially maternal and child health. In 2005, the prime minister launched the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), a $9.5 billion program aimed at reaching poor families with essential health services.

India has also committed to nationwide expansion of the massive preschool education and child nutrition program delivered through the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS). In 2008, the Government of India intends to launch a parallel National Urban Health Mission (NUHM). USAID/ India’s MCH strategy focuses on developing evidence’based program approaches that deliver essential interventions to mothers and children and using these effective programs to guide India’s own massive investments.

MCH interventions at the Mission level

Focus areas of USAID’s program include birth preparedness and maternity services; newborn care and treatment; immunization, including polio; maternal and young child nutrition; treatment of child illnesses; and household’level improvement of water, sanitation, and environment. These interventions are complemented by USAID’s strong support for family planning, including birth spacing and delaying age at marriage to reduce high’risk births.
Solution Exchange connects the members of this Community and increases the effectiveness of their individual efforts, helping them share and apply each other’s knowledge and experience. Through Solution Exchange, colleagues can turn to their peers across India for solutions to the day-to-day challenges they face.
The Foundation for Mother and Child Health, India (FMCHI) or Bal Sehat Kendra as it is known locally, aims to improve pre and post natal care through health, hygiene and nutrition programmes, improve the health and nutrition of infants and children below 5 years of age and educate children through a tri’lingual preschool in English, Marathi and Hindi.
In developing countries, one child in 10 dies before reaching their fifth birthday, compared with 1 in 143 in high-income countries. More than 5,000 Indian children below five years die every day due to malnourishment or lack of basic micronutrients like Vitamin A, iron, iodine, zinc or folic acid.
The Mother and Child Health and Education Trust Employing all communications technologies to reach and transfer health and nutrition knowledge directly from and to the whole community.

MAMTA - Health Institute for Mother and Child is an internationally recognised non’governmental organization, established in New Delhi in December 1990. Today MAMTA is present in 14 States of India
Manthan Award
Janani suraksha yojana (JSY)


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