Maternal and Child Health

Wednesday, Dec 12th

Last update:11:01:08 PM GMT

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Government initiatives

Recognizing the importance of Health in the process of economic and social development and improving the quality of life of our citizens, the Government of India has resolved to launch the National Rural Health Mission to carry out necessary architectural correction in the basic health care delivery system.

The Mission adopts a synergistic approach by relating health to determinants of good health viz. segments of nutrition, sanitation, hygiene and safe drinking water.

The Plan of Action includes increasing public expenditure on health, reducing regional imbalance in health infrastructure, optimization of health manpower, decentralization and district management of health programmes, community participation and ownership of assets, and operationalizing community health centers into functional hospitalsmeeting Indian Public Health Standards in each Block of the Country.

The Goal of the Mission is to improve the availability of and access to quality health care by people, especially to improve access of rural people, especially poor women and children, to equitable, affordable, accountable and effective primary healthcare.

The National Rural Health Mission (2005-12) seeks to provide effective healthcare to rural population throughout the country with special focus on 18 states, which have weak public health indicators and/or weak infrastructure.

These 18 States are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh.

It has succeeded on implementing a fixed day/month for provision of immunization, ante/post natal checkups and services related to mother & child healthcare, including nutrition at the anganwadi level

Government Initiatives

  • RCH- II Rural (reproductive & child health) –link to RCH
  • ICDS (Integrated child development services)
  • Mid-day meal programme/ scheme
  • Janani suraksha yojana (JSY)
  • Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY)
  • Recent statistics in MCH in relation to MDGs,
  • Effective policy change in MCH through networking
Essential Newborn Nursing for Small Hospitals
Department of Pediatrics WHO Collaborating Centre for Training and Research in Newborn Care All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi Supported by Saving Newborn Lives, Save the Children

The India Local Initiatives Program:
The India Local Initiatives Program adapted a model used in Indonesia and Bangladesh to implement the government’s reproductive and child health strategy.

MCH Program Description
With a population of over 1 billion people, India has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. The 2005–06 National Family Health Survey, which was substantially supported by USAID, identified significant improvements in key health services.

Accelerating Progress Towards Achieving Maternal and Child Health (MDGs) 4 and 5 in South-East Asia
High-level consultation to accelerate progress towards achieving maternal and child health Millenium Development Goals
The USA launched a Rs.580 million initiative to improve maternal and child health in India, with a focus on Uttar Pradseh and Jharkhand. The Maternal and Child Health Sustainable Technical Assistance and Research Initiative (MCH STAR) will work to accelerate the resource mobilization of India’s major programmes like the Notational Rural Health Mission and Integrated Child Development Services.
Manthan Award
Janani suraksha yojana (JSY)


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